Lord Byron: Romantic poet and great philhellene

From Christos Triantafillou

He was born as George Gordon Byron in London on January 22, 1788 but remained in history as Lord Byron. He was the son of the English Royal Navy master John Byron and his second wife of Catherine Gordon. He was of aristocratic lineage as his mother was a descendant of the King of England, Edward III. His father abandoned them due to financial debts and his mother was forced to sell out her property and the title of nobility to pay the debts. Their divorce was inevitable, Byron's parents were already separated before he was even born. Lord Byron was born lame and spent the first years of his life with his mother in Aberdeen, Scotland, rather poor, where he received his first education. His life changed radically when his grandfather's brother William Byron, known as the wicked Lord, died on May 19, 1798 and so at the age of ten he inherited the title of Baron Byron. Two years later he will be in a private London school where he will receive the appropriate education of the upper class.

lord byron: romantic poet and great philhellene

Byron was a charming man with lustrous, sparkling curly hair and a nice posture, though a little lame from his right foot. His promiscuous love life made him infamous in London and his contempt for social conventions was the cause of various scandals. He had a daughter from his brief marriage to Anabella Milbank named Anda Lavelle, who became a famous mathematician, considered as a pioneer of computer science. From his relationship with Claire Clondon, he also had a second daughter Clara Alegra who died at the age of five. Lord Byron's personal life was utterly unconventional and a constant challenge to the morals of the time. His love affairs were many and not limited to the female sex.

With the encouragement of his friends, he began to write his first poems at the age of 17, which became known as the "Fugitive Pieces". The eroticism of these writings soon became a matter of dispute with some of the members of the community and so they were destroyed before they become widely known. His first poetry collection, "Hours of Idleness", containing many of Byron's original poems as well as subsequent compositions, received negative and anonymous criticism from the literary magazine Edinburgh Review, which held an important place in the literary world of the time. In response, Byron wrote his first satirical play "British Bards and Scottish Critics" (1809), which he first published anonymously. But very quickly the poet's identity was revealed and the reactions were intense, culminating in a call to a duel. In the meantime, however, it became a trend, and for some it was kind of a honor, to be at the target of Byron's pen.

lord byron: romantic poet and great philhellene

Byron met success with the poetry collection "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" published in 1812 and became very popular, which made him a sought-after celebrity of the time. His success surprised even himself. The first edition of 500 copies was run out within three days, followed by six more releases in a month. The following series of poems focused on topics from the East in a collection titled "Oriental Tales", which contained the poems "Giaour", "The bride of Abydos" and many others.

Generally speaking, he was extremely wasteful and not at all financially sparing, so over time debt was accumulated and his creditors were constantly searching for him to repay it. As a result of his debts and his pursuit by former mistresses, Byron found the opportunity to start his big European tour by traveling to various countries of Europe, as the young English noblemen customary did after they came of age. With the Napoleonic wars in progress, he was forced to avoid several northern and central European countries, so he ended up in the Mediterranean Sea and finally in Greece.

From early on, Byron expressed his liberal ideas and he did not hesitate to support these ideas even in the House of Lords. Throughout his course he was supporting the working class and promoted the liberation of nations from all sorts of restrains. His strong support for the Greek Revolution, in which he actively participated, is obviously justified.

lord byron: romantic poet and great philhellene

On August 3, 1823, he arrived in Argostoli. The Greeks were then divided, and that disappointed the sensitive poet. Having been appointed as representative of the "Philhellenic Comitato", he gave the rebels the supplies they sent him from London. From his own money he sent to Mavrocordatos 4,000 pounds for fleet maintenance.

On January 5, 1824 he arrived in Messolonghi, where the Greek renegades welcomed him with enthusiasm. There he co-operated with other foreign volunteers and at his own financial expense organized the army and took care of the fortification of Messolonghi.

On January 25, the government recognized him as commander-in-chief. But his efforts to organize the army and to reconcile the chieftains, as well as the existing tension, have exacerbated his health.

On April 9, he fell ill with severe fever. He was delirious, but even then he was urging the Greeks to reconcile in order to achieve their freedom. At the crack of Dawn of April 19, 1824, Easter Monday, he left his last breath, died in Messolonghi, at the age of 36.

lord byron: romantic poet and great philhellene

His death hurt deeply all the Greek renegades. Men and women grieved for his death, he became a symbol of patriotism and declared a national hero. After his funeral in Messolonghi his body was moved to London. On those days Dionysios Solomos wrote a great poem "On the death of Lord Byron" to honor the life and work of the great philhellene.

Ακολουθήστε το Greeks Channel στο Google News και δείτε πρώτοι όλες τις ειδήσεις, με τα πιο δημοφιλή νέα και έκτακτη επικαιρότητα για την Ελλάδα και όλους τους Έλληνες καθώς επίσης οτιδήποτε καινούργιο και σημαντικό αφορά την Ελληνική κοινωνία και ομογένεια.
2.4K

TRENDING TODAY!

Archbishop Christodoulos, the Divine!

Christodoulos, archbishop of Athens and All Greece and head of the Orthodox Church of Greece (1998–2008).

By Francesco Vitali

archbishop christodoulos, the divine!

Manos Loizos : the artist of revolution friendship and solidarity

The Life, Encounters, and Achievements of The Famous Greek Musician and Composer

By Chris Siametis

manos loizos : the artist of revolution friendship and solidarity

The Magnificent Koufonisia

Crown Your Holiday At The sensational Greek Destination

By Chris Siametis

the magnificent koufonisia

Alcibiades: A controversial and divisive Greek

Alcibiades: The Life and Times of A Greek Politician, Statesman, and Orator

By Francesco Vitali

alcibiades: a controversial and divisive greek

Socrates: The simplicity of the wisdom

The Story of The Ancient Greek Father of Philosophy

By Chris Siametis

socrates: the simplicity of the wisdom

The 10 most breathtaking islands to visit in Greece

Are you the kind of person whose interest is immensely placed on island exploration?

By Marianna Tassaras

the 10 most breathtaking islands to visit in greece

Giorgos Seferis: The Greek Nobelist!

The Life, Achievements, and The Greatness of Giorgos Seferis- The All-time Poet

By Chris Siametis

giorgos seferis: the greek nobelist!

VANGELIS: A GLOBALLY MUSIC GENIUS

The Story, Achievements, and The Journey of A Greek Music Genius

By Chris Siametis

vangelis: a globally music genius

Sleep well, avoid severe health issues

The Possible Health Threats In Connection to Chronic Sleep Disorder

By Marianna Tassaras

sleep well, avoid severe health issues

Ancient Greek Toys: For the children thousand of years before

The ancient Greek toys was the Elements of Children’s Joy In The Ancient Greece

By Dimitra Sakelariou

ancient greek toys: for the children thousand of years before

Pericles: The First Citizen of Athens

The Life and Achievements of Pericles, The First Citizen of Athens

By Chris Siametis

pericles: the first citizen of athens

IRIS POLOS: Iris in a Tiger’s Eye

Iris Polos is a visual artist and wildlife enthusiast of Greek descent who splits her time between the San Francisco and Monterey Bay areas

By Francesco Vitali

iris polos: iris in a tiger’s eye

Plato: The legendary Greek philosopher

Exploring The Achievements and The Life of A Great Son of Greece and A Philosopher

By Chris Siametis

plato: the legendary greek philosopher

MELINA MERCOURI: THE VIVACIOUS ACTRESS WITH A HUSKY LAUGH WHO HAD BORN AND DIED GREEK

The Life and Remarkable Achievements of A Greek Actress, Singer, and Politician

By Chris Siametis

melina mercouri: the vivacious actress with a husky laugh who had born and died greek